What is Botox?
Botox is a purified toxin derived from the bacteria called clostridium botulinum. It acts by inhibiting the release of the substances that provide transmission at the nerve endings and blocking the transmission between the nerves and the organs to which the nerves extend to.
What is it used for?
Botox’s mechanism of action is used in many areas of medicine such as squint, muscle spasms, anal fissure, etc. In plastic surgery, it is usually used to reduce the lines on the face caused by the movement of mimic muscles, to prevent sweating in the areas of excessive sweating (underarms, palms and soles) and to stop headaches in the treatment of chronic migraine.
Where is it applied on the face?
The use of mimic muscles over the years cause lines on the skin covering them become more apparent, resulting in dynamic lines on the face or static lines later. The most common lines are observed around forehead, eyebrows, edges of the eyes and around the mouth. The effect shows up within the first week following injection and lasts for an average of 6 months. Procedure can be repeated when Botox loses its effect.